Samuel Crompton & Mary Pimlott
Township of Tonge-with-Haulgh, Parish of Bolton-le-Moors
Inventor of the spinning machine known as 'The Mule'

The records listed below consist chiefly of the papers of Mrs J.J. Irving of Blackburn, widow of a descendant of
Samuel Crompton, which were given to Bolton Museum in 1927.
Samuel Crompton, inventor of the spinning machine known as 'The Mule' was born at Firwood Fold in the Township of
Tonge-with-Haulgh, Parish of Bolton-le-Moors, in 1753. At the age of 5, he and his family took up residence at the deserted manor
house known as Hall i'th' Wood, and it was there that he completed his invention in 1779. In 1780, he married Mary Pimlott, and soon
afterwards moved to a farmhouse called Oldhams in the neighbouring Township of Sharples.
In 1791, Samuel rented a house in King Street, Bolton, where he wove muslin cloth. His wife died in 1796, leaving eight children. About
this time, he joined the Swedenborgian (New Jerusalem) Church, recently established in Little Bolton, for which he composed a number
of hymn tunes.
Unlike Arkwright and other inventors, Crompton had never been able to secure a patent for the Mule, and from about 1807 he began a
series of attempts to gain financial recognition as the inventor of the machine which had done so much to revolutionise cotton spinning.
In support of his claim, he undertook a journey of enquiry through the textile districts in 1811, recording information relating to the use
of the Mule, Water Frame and Spinning Jenny. In 1812, he was awarded the sum of £5,000 by Parliament.
None of Crompton's business ventures proved successful, and he died at his house in King Street a comparatively poor man in 1827.
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